Red Square (Moscow) – this famed square separates the Kremlin from the historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. This makes an excellent geographic point of reference for visitors, since this is considered the central square of the Russian capital, and connects to its major highways. Despite its name, Red Square’s name pre-dated the Communist revolution (going as far back as the 17th century). Red Square was once intended to be Moscow’s one-time main marketplace, but ended up being used for official ceremonies by all Russian governments since it was established. The Communist government, though, made this spot world-famous for its military parades.